Judd V8 Cost

Judd V8 CostPrice ; 1991 Pro Tracs Formula One #140 Judd Engine · C $1. Judd took a performance sedan engine and tinkered with it, and Nissan took a heavily modified stock block V8 engine used in some of their performance cars, larger sedans and SUVs (including Nissan's Infiniti luxury/sports lineup), and they can sell it for dirt cheap because all of the work on it had been done to turn it into a race engine years. This engine is beautifully small and lightweight (it's the size of a bike engine), a sensible alternative to RPE/Judd/Zytek/DFV. Judd V10 engines - could these ever be used practically in a drift car ? Ignoring the 20k + price tag Nearly 20k rpm 700+ hp ? #1 . Flat plane crank, integral 5 stage dry sump, 12,000rpm. Some of these engines have the option for you to choose different numbers of valves, among other features. Mecum says the original owner had it for 23 years, V8-Powered Ford F-150 Raptor R Orders Could Open This Fall. “When you consider that it could cost up to £250,000 to own a genuine . Brabham-Honda Indycar/F3000 engines 1983-1988. The Drake V8 filled in as Offy engines became obsolete in the late 1970s. A seminal work of 10,200rpm redline lunacy that displaces 3278cc and originates from the lofty heights of F1, Le Mans and the fabled workshops of Engine Developments LTD, thanks to its JUDD range of power plants, this particular specimen being a KV675. So I've eventually found the right K and it's a 252. The team began the 1989 season with FW12C, converted from the Judd V8 spec of the previous year, while Patrick Head and his colleagues honed the new model. When Ford needed a replacement for the obsolete 7. 5 L V8, the company created this V10. Engine Developments Ltd is an independent engineering company specialising in the design, development and manufacture of high performance racing engines and components. For 2012 Lola offered the LMP1 B12/60 with Judd, Mazda (AER) and Toyota V8 engine fits. Judd LMP2 engine Sportscar & GT Racing. She's going for a pre-buy over the next few days and the only thing I'm trying to get my head around is the fully loaded cost of an overhaul. innovative design engineering and the ability to provide a cost effective service to our customers. 00 with no impact to the scheduled activities. This was a 90° V8 like its predecessors, but in fact it was a completely new engine with wider cylinder spacing; it had only a few parts in common with preceding Judd V8s. JUDD supplied and fitted a rebuilt HK V-8 LMP2 engine for just over €76,000. The car is propelled by a 600-horsepower 3. YouTube™ videó: 610HP Carlsson Mercedes SLK 340 with Judd V8 Engine - INSANE SOUND on Hillclimb . In standard form this engine produces 450 HP. It was finished late as the team learned about the requirements of the new engine, finally appearing four races from the end of the season. on This Judd Indy Car V8 Engine Is A Different Kind of Boosted Bullet – Good Freaky Hot Rod Engine! We’ve showed you Judd V8 engines before, mostly in videos featuring road racing and endurance type stuff. I would love to have about an hour of F1 music ,12cyl ,10 cyl and V8 with some Turbo cars through in. 6L (3592cc or 3597cc) Max Power: 500BHP Max RPM: 10,000RPM. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. Bobby Rahal used a Judd V8 engine to win the 1988 Pocono 500, but the engine was otherwise unsuccessful. The first announcement spoke of a three litre version of Radical's V8 engine as a possible powerplant, but right now bespoke engine packages from AER (straight four Turbo) and Judd (V8 Naturally Aspirated) are available. The plus side is that in period, this car was powered by a 3. This is a FREE complete CCNP 350-401 ENCOR Course. I plan to race this car with other vintage cars, since they are not old but are slower so don't compare to the modern machines to run. Just blast the speakers on a road trip. A celebration of Adrian Newey's innovative design and the Leyton House March F1 team's dogged determination. Manufacturers of JUDD POWER race engines. The theatre, built in 1921, could seat more than 3,000 people and saw artists such as Tom Jones, Queen, The Beatles, and Bob Dylan, appear on stage. Benefit By applying schedule compression and re-baselining the cost and schedule, we show a cost impact of $17,440, with a new Budget at Completion (BAC) of $206,640. The Zytek developed Nissan engine and the BMW based Judd HK have proven to be the engines of choice for the teams running the Oreca 03. 4 litre Weight: 116 kg (reduction to 110 kg is possible at additional cost) Length: 516 mm Width: 633 mm Height: 397 mm to top of cam covers, 533 mm to top of airbox tray. 3 engine with 200km 440cv mono turbo version, 4-speed gearbox with shortened gears for mountain races, brakes large Gr. Weight: 116 kg (reduction to 110 kg is possible at additional cost) Length: 516 mm. Once again Ascari made another powertrain change, swapping from European spec Judd V10s to a more compact BMW 4-liter V8. At this it is quite a bargain for a new Daytona Prototype engine that cost $65,000 Nikasil cylinder liners Tunnel Bore block Callies Billet Crankshaft, CP 11:1 pistons. Top Speed : 225 mph (estimated) 0-120 mph : 8. 0L V8 engine, we offer Hillclimb Engines and Single Seater Racing Car Engines. This still lagged behind the Honda and Ferrari turbos which were producing over 650 bhp (485 kW; 659 PS) each. #sportscars rwd manual street germany vintage… Wet Vacuum With Pump Out : Battioni Pagani MEC 8000/P Sound clip 1 - YouTube - 4. We chose the BMW S65 4,0 litre V8 as our base engine (fitted to the M3 at the time) as it was available, reasonably priced and had a high specific output in roadcar form. Founded in 1960 by Australian driver Jack Brabham and British-Australian designer Ron Tauranac, the team won four Drivers' and two Constructors' World Championships in its 30-year Formula One history. where are judd engines made? what is a judd v10 engine?. Judd is a name brand of engines produced by Engine Developments BV V8 as the starting point for their new F1 engine, Judd saved cost . from United States ; 1991 Pro . This isn't a particularly poor entry price, especially since it's an efficient and complete engine. ly/RobDahmIGSubscribe to Rob Dahm:. ^ "Indycar Judd av Racing Engine V8 4 Cam 32 Valve 800 Plus Hp • $8,995. The V10 features a compact design that allows it to solve the previous sizing. Ireland to spend €500m on tackling cost of living and Ashley Judd. ly/2koiw8GInstagram: http://bit. The GL458, based on the highly successful GK428 LMP2 engine, designed and manufactured by Gibson Technology, is the most sophisticated engine Gibson has produced to date. Ideally it'll end up in a "vintage" race car and compete at historic style events with other cars that are not old but are no longer fast enough to hang with the modern machines of today. 4-liter V8 aimed for LMP1 privateers in next year's FIA the V8 naturally aspirated path as the most sensible and cost . cosworth-formula-1-engine-spares. Judd Engines has an Indycar engine ready to go and just waiting for to think that the cost of running a Indycar program would have to be . John Dagys is the founder and Editor-in-Chief of Sportscar365. Last week, the actress revealed that she shattered her leg and nearly lost it after. z Cost Versus Benefit Cost Impact New baseline planned cost of $206,640. Initially the philosophy is to produce a cost effective engine for privateer use, above the quest for outright performance. 4-liter V8 currently used in LMP1, Judd’s new engine has been increased to 4. He was a german Hillclimber he ran a judd v8 powered e36 320. Lola was very advanced in that area with very good wind tunnel and a top-quality design team. Discover (and save!) your own Pins on Pinterest. A spare parts package can be made available. Making ~570hp at 9500rpm, it was never competitive. The engine is also 10 kg lighter than the 4 litre version. This compared to the 590 of the DFZ and the new Judd V8 with a reported 600 bhp (447 kW; 608 PS). LUCCHINI S282 Alfa Romeo 2500cc SN. This is not a replica but an amalgamation of factory March-Judd 881 parts that has been put together to celebrate a great designer, the spirit of the underdog and one of the prettiest Formula 1. 0 litre - 560 bhp @ 11,000rpm (estimated). I should be able to get 300/400h on this engine before having to do that but I've had Mooney owner fri. 5 Judd V8 or Cosworth DFR V8 costs somewhere in the region of £3,000. Judd is an engine supplier that was born out of the last old era in F1 when small companies . Answer (1 of 8): Unfortunately I don't have an exact or rather a numerical answer to this question. Among the services available for future Tiga customers is the sophisticated race car simulator, which will allow 'driver in the loop' evaluations of different configurations. Judd has made several e gine models, and several of them has been further developed from existing F1 engines. Race winning Le Mans series, single seater and hillclimb engine. Similarly, if there is a data packet going to 172. Subsequently we have designed and manufactured many competitive engines for use in F1, Indycar and LeMans and have a reputation for producing innovative & powerful. All parts are brand new except for the engine block, but was machined to suit the application. 0 litre – 560 bhp @ 11,000rpm (estimated) 3. It successfully powered the Rebellion R13 and Dragonspeed LMP1 and is currently competing in the 2021 WEC with Signatech Alpine Racing. It was 1962 before BRM and Coventry-Climax produced theirs, followed by Ferrari and ATS in 1963; they had numerous successors, to the extent that other. docx from PROJ 592 at DeVry University, Keller Graduate School of Management. Spark Eurobrun ER189 Judd V8 F1 Alpha GP Japan 1989 #33 O. 4-liter V8 engine, which churns out a wicked 610 horsepower to go with its 317 pound-feet of . 4 V8 Yamaha Judd 2dr Carbon Sport, 225mph, 333g/km, 20. Shop the top 25 most popular Related Search, Ranking Keywords at the best prices!. A suitable engine, a Judd was found with Engine Developments, a . 2 Litre V10 has updated, lighter cylinder heads, twin barrel throttles and a lower centre of gravity. By using the existing BV V8 as the starting point for their new F1 engine, Judd saved cost while at the same time producing a customer engine that could compete on track and in the. Engines designed, manufactured . A longtime supplier of prototype engines, Judd lost out on the LMP2 single-engine contract to Gibson Technology in July. In the F1 Fanatic round-up: Engine cost cuts will be limited any low cost engineering solutions available to them – no Cosworth, Judd, . Over the next 6 years the engine became the benchmark for LMP1 customer engines, providing the best combination of performance, weight, fuel efficiency and reliability. 4-liter ex-LMP2 V8 with around 550bhp. Ideally it’ll end up in a “vintage” race car and compete at historic style events with other cars that are not old but are no longer fast enough to hang with the modern machines of today. The car is a front engine, rear wheel drive Sprint/Hillclimb car. Engine : Yamaha Judd V8 4439cc twin turbo. , a British racing car manufacturer and Formula One racing team. The engine made its race debut in April 2013 at the Hockenheim circuit in Germany, scoring a double victory on its debut. Compared to the GV 4 litre, the Judd GV 4. com/collections/shopPatreon for Build Videos: http://bit. Available for sale at the CMS Racing Cars, Porsche 930 Turbo Gr. need to think a bit now and see what's the most cost efficient yet scalable solution. Power to weight : 558bhp per tonne. The $20,000 price of entry isn't horrible here, especially because this is a complete and working engine. Engine Developments was intended to build engines for Brabham's racing efforts, and became one of the first firms authorised by Cosworth to maintain and rebuild its DFV engines, but has since expanded into various areas of motorsport. com/robdahm to learn more and get a special offer on your first order of hair loss treatment. Examples: 2006 Yamaha R6 (16,000 rpm) 23. 14995 The engines were serviced by Zytek Motorsport. The V10 engine is nearly dead in the car industry, but Mike has taken a trip to a place that still manufactures these awesome sounding powertrains today. Top Rated Seller Top Rated Seller. that car, the new machine is Judd-powered, this time by a 3. I plan to race this car with other vintage cars, since they are not old but are slower so don’t compare to the modern machines to run. The LMP2 gearbox was stripped, all the components were crack-tested and the only fault—an input shaft seal—was replaced. Lola Chassis mounted Judd V8 Run and Rev. 9 seconds (Autocar) Chassis : Stainless sheet steel tub with tubular space frame. The Judd HK V8 LMP2 engine successfully powered a number of cars at the Le Mans 24 hours and is an ideal Motorsport Engine. All used Formula 3 race prepared units by John Judd's Engine with two engines allocated to the David Price-run Ralt-VW that we drove. Aside from NVH concerns, piston speed is essentially the maximum limiting factor. How much does a Judd V8 cost? The $20,000 price of entry isn’t horrible here, especially because this is a complete and working engine. We completed our first engine design in 1985, a V8 2. 6L V8 Description: Modified BMW S65 displacing 3. For Sale Judd V8 Engine Low Km. 65 litre turbo for use in the US CART series and the first Engine Developments designed Formula 1 engine followed in 1988. in unknown mechanical condition, with absolutely insane parts costs, . 52 Shipping cost cannot be calculated. check out his insane 1! e82 780kg (<1800lb) judd v8 570hp 10k revlimiter sequential tranny. He then switched to this ridiculous e82. Working in partnership with Engine Developments, the first LM214 will be fitted with mounts for the BMW-based Judd HK V8 engine. Championship winning F3000, single seater and hillclimb engine. This unit offered the choice of the same four-speed auto or a six. It will debut at the Geneva Motor Show before beginning its. Reynard 01Q - Chassis 01Q-002 LMP675 - Rolling chassis and very extensive spares package. Loved immensely by fans, this 570Hp/780Kg Space. Ideally it'll end up in a “vintage” . Bec Judd has caused controversy over a lavish birthday party she threw for her daughter at the weekend, with some claiming the cost of the event could have easily fed “a hundred homeless people. Sequential Gearboxes and Transmissions for Road Racing, Drifting, Time-Attack, Hillclimb, Rally, Drag, Circuit Racing, Motorsport and High-Performance vehicles. It is the con rod sweep profile that ultimately determines the depth of the engine below. the starting point for their new F1 engine, Judd would be able to save cost while . 4 litre Judd V8 in the back, it’s around about 620-625 horsepower. Chrysler, Nissan take a peek at V8 Supercar 'Car of the Future' format blueprint with the aim of not only cutting costs for V8 Supercar . But subjectively speaking, it depends on the overall PU regulations and technologies used. Exhausts Available if Required. The best compromise would be something like a 600hp Judd V8 at 115kg or 720hp Judd V10 at 140kg IIRC, but then why not just race the old V8 GP2 cars (the Mechacrome V8s are a little more cost-reduced than the Judd and are thus cheaper but heavier and less powerful)?. 00 Process Groups and Knowledge Areas 0 days Mon 2/3/20 Mon 2/3/20 100% $0. Another is that the cost of the power-units this season, in 2013, the V8 engines cost between £8-10 million per season to the teams; while this seasons V6 turbo hybrid engines have doubled, now costing between £15-20 million per season that has steeped up the budgets for this season and next season too. This engine is a freshly built Hasselgren engine producing 575 HP and 440 Ft. Rebuild done includes new pistons, springs, valves, and more. The car is a complete car powered by the 3. Download your FREE special for insight into the complexities of . Engine Developments new LMP2 powerplant revealed. Judd is a name brand of engines produced by Engine Developments Ltd. How Much Does A Judd Engine Cost? Posted by McNally on February 11, 2022. , a company founded in 1971 by John Judd and Jack Brabham in Rugby, Warwickshire, England. The Judd V8 remains one of the greatest-sounding engines of all time. Williams FW12 Judd V8 Canon F1 GP Monaco 1988 Riccardo Patrese, Spark 1:43 S4028. The dual overhead camshaft pieces are screamers and this one that we found on eBay definitely qualifies. Engine design, development, manufacture & testing. Suspension is by double wishbones all-round equipped with push-rod actuated springs over dampers. It was later used by Lotus in the Lotus 101 and by EuroBrun. Course Project – Week 3 - Judd To balance the scope and. Low Miles Since Rebuilt by Connaught Engines. This isn’t a particularly poor entry price, especially since it’s an efficient and complete engine. This engine is currently installed in a sports prototype and you can listen to it run. The primary type of Ford V10 engine offered on eBay is the 6. Only one example of the DV was built before it was rapidly superseded by the EV which is essentially a narrow angle (76°) version of the earlier engine. YouTube™ の動画: 610HP Carlsson Mercedes SLK 340 with Judd V8 Engine - INSANE SOUND on . and engine numbers were all prefixed ‘RB-620’. Even so, following conversion from wet to dry sump the crank height is a respectable 98mm - only 6 mm higher than that of a Judd V8. 2000 Honda S2000 (8,800 rpm) 24. Engine Developments Ltd is an independent engineering company specialising in the design, development and manufacture of high performance racing engines and . “The Judd produced slightly more power but was a thirstier engine, so no one took it up. The Cosworth DFV is the most successful Formula 1 engine of all time, systems alone can cost more than a top notch university education. They’ve been modified to help ensure safety and reliability, which is critical when your cars have to run all day long with a bunch of noobs at the wheel. 0 Liter Chevrolet LS V-8 Daytona Prototype Engine. 4 litre – 610 bhp @ 10,250rpm 4. Or the AER twin-turbo V8 (110kg) but that engine doesn't sound very good. This Lola B99/50 Formula 3000 car has just come available. unfortunately he died in an accident while racing. ^ "Spicer Horsepower and Torque Calculator". American V8 stock-blocks are heavy (particularly the iron ones in F5000, 240kg), I'd rather use the Judd V10 (140kg) or the MCT V12 (145kg). Our core activity remains supplying engines to teams . Easier to run (just start it up), longer mileage/hours and much easier/cheaper running costs. I would have thought the HB would be nearer £6,000. These engines are still serviced by Judd and can be modernized to produce 520 HP. "Continental hillclimbs aren't as narrow as UK ones, but the length and. In 2003, both KZR-1 chassis A410-001/02 returned to the FIA Sportscar series with a season best of 2nd at Monza. Shipping cost cannot be calculated. Height: 397 mm to top of cam covers, 533 mm to top of airbox tray. Mazda settled on buying an existing V10 engine and using a design based on the Jaguar XJR-14. This car is in excellent condition. Nov 2015 - Nov 20194 years 1 month. The total cost of this rebuild was around €3,600 and in addition to this sum, approximately €7,300 was spent on a new carbon clutch. Brabham had more success with it than Jordan – after 4 DNQ’s and a sole point in the hands of Stefano Modena they scrapped the V12 in favour of linking up with Judd for a new V10 powerplant. So it’s got some pep! “It also has a fantastic aero package. To complete the car the Oreca customers have a choice of production-based engines ranging from a naturally aspirated Nissan V8 to a twin-turbo Honda V6. Judd Power is an engine-building company founded by Formula 1 driver Jack Brabham and engineer John Judd. John Judd developed the Judd V8 for the Truesports Team. it cost him almost 500k euros completely custom. A Judd V8 - a powerful engine that was created by Engine Developments Ltd. 0L US $1,900 Mitsubishi Evo 8 Excellent €10,800 Euro. The engine was introduced for the 2011 season, following the ACO's decision to mandate production based engines for the LMP2 category. We use cookies to ensure that we give you the . Judd is a serious engine builder, they build some next level shit. versions with Honda K20 I4 Turbo, Powertec V8, Chevrolet V8 and Judd V10. The Noble M600 is one of the fastest and best-handling supercars we've tested ; 4. Around 25 m/s typical metals can't keep up over the long term. The engine was introduced for the 2011 season, following the ACO’s decision to mandate production based engines for the LMP2 category. It was also used by Williams Grand Prix Engineering and Ligier. 4-liter V8 currently used in LMP1, Judd's new engine has been increased to 4. Life even gave up on their own engine and instead put in the Judd V8 the car was originally designed around – and it was still miles off the . The DFR was also the most powerful non-turbo of the season with a reported 620 bhp (462 kW; 629 PS). Assetto Corsa Bmw M3 E30 Drift Setup / BMW M3 E30 Cabriolet : la voiture du yuppie - Bmw 320 e36 134 judd v8 georg plasa 2009. 4 litre twin turbo macroblock engine. Body : Carbon Fibre Composite. The early signs were not positive. So I found out about this dude Georg Plasa. Motec M800 Management Converted To Individual Coils. 00 for a rebuild assuming no major problems. Aug 31, 2020 · Uncategorized · No comments yet. 0-liter inline-four was rebuilt last year after being removed from the my 1971 Chevron B19 race car. In 1988, in conjunction with March Engineering, Judd made the move into the recently reintroduced normally aspirated variant of Formula One, which would completely replace turbocharged cars in 1989. By using the existing BV V8 as the starting point for their new F1 engine, Judd saved cost while at the same time producing a customer engine that could compete on track and in the marketplace with the Ford-Cosworth V8s that were standard equipment for the (mostly smaller) teams competing to the new rules. 4 liters, in order to provide an optimal combination of power and fuel economy as required by. A transaxle based around a Hewland TMT gearbox adds more rearward bias to the base car's 52/48 weight distribution, for faster getaways. Engine numbering began at ‘RB 620—E1’. just out of curiosity, what would make it cost $1000 an hour to run? Is that including the purchase price of the engine? Or is that just the . John Judd and Sir Jack Brabham started the company in 1971 to produce their own. Championship winning LMP2 Le Mans series engine. Thanks to Keeps for sponsoring this video! Head to https://keeps. Judd was a specialist in the DFV for instance, and I belive one of their engines is a continuation of that. Nowadays with 40-minute sprint races, that doesn’t matter, so we set about building one with the Judd. This was a two-part classification, the ‘600’ applying to the block and the ‘20’ to the cylinder heads. Racing V8 Engines - posted in The Technical Forum: Aside from ill-starred efforts by Maserati during the 30s, and CTA-Arsenal during the 40s, the first serious Grand Prix racing V8 was the Lancia D50 of 1954, although even this set no trend. 5-litre V8 Judd engine, and Judd still makes engines, so sourcing one shouldn't . Judd Power is the brand name for engines, services and parts supplied by Engine Developments Ltd. The featherweight SLK's name comes from its 3. , a company founded in the early 1970s by John Judd, a Formula One . The kit can be built in one version:. For his latest project, he wanted he wanted an even more extraordinary engine and opted for a Formula 1-derived V10 from Judd. Selling due to change of plans for project. BMW 134 Judd V8 - Georg Plasa - 40. The vehicles aren’t quite current vintage — they’re former Renault and Benetton race cars with Cosworth, Judd or Peugeot V8 and V10 engines. It comes with a race proven Honda Fireblade 1000 RR engine, 6 speed gearbox driving . The engine weighs 115 kg (253 lb) and produces 610 horsepower and 430 Nm (317 lb-ft) of . Leyton House March F1 (March-Judd 881). Manufacturers of JUDD racing engines. 3 Turbo first series, light version, new 3. Rebecca Judd’s activewear label Jaggad made headlines earlier this week when it was revealed it had “permanently closed” the doors of its only. the Oldsmobile F85-based RepcoBrabham engine became known as the type 620. The LMP1 contract has been a natural. Engine Developments offers the Judd DB 3. 2-liter V8 that made 280 PS (276 HP) at 5,800 rpm and 400 Nm (295 lb-ft) of torque at 4,000 rpm. View PROJ592_Week3_Balancing Scope and Budget_Judd_20200126. The answer is the V8 under the bonnet. Ashley Judd is sharing more about her "harrowing" experience in the Congo rainforest in painstaking detail. The engine powered the Doran racing team's Dallara to victory at the Daytona 24 hours in 2002, finishing 5th & 6th overall at LeMans in the same year with. Brabham / ˈ b r æ b əm / is the common name for Motor Racing Developments Ltd. Just like Mercedes is using Ilmore (well, they actually bought the company), a Renault is a Meccachrome and Yamaha was buying their engines at Judd, etc etc. 3 thoughts on “ The Spirit Of A Touring Car, The Heart Of An F1 Racer, And A Soundtrack From Hell: Georg Plasa’s JUDD V8-Powered BMW ” cyclone03 October 14, 2014 at 1:48 pm. 00 Schedule Impact No change to the scheduled activities Task Name Duration Start Finish % Complete Baseline Cost Actual Cost PMI Process 138 days Mon 2/3/20 Wed 8/12/20 40% $206,640. In the 2023 Corvette Z06, the naturally aspirated, flat-plane-crank V8 delivers 670 hp (679 PS/500 kW) and 460 lb-ft (623 Nm), making it the most powerful naturally-aspirated V8 ever used in a. This engine debuted in 1988 in the March 881 Formula 1 car. The BMW 134 Judd V8 of Georg Plasa might go down on History as the most Iconic Hillclimb Monster of All Time. Selling my Brodix 421 SBC Forced induction engine. Modern racing technology - the inside story. This is because they're running Judd engines. 94 GB,创建于2010-03-06 Jun 27, 2013 · Ine. As for the romantic idea of that cosworth V8 that was powering half the field in the seventies, it was paid/a project from Ford. It has not yet been installed in a car, though an engine dynamometer res. Results: Given a 3-year duration of intervention benefit, intervention unit cost of US$32 and patient-year ART cost of US$757 (2011 US$), over the lifetime of ART patients, in Kenya, we estimated the intervention could yield a return on investment (ROI) of 11 (95% uncertainty range [UR]: 5-23), based on a cost of about US$2 million and savings. y8a, hm4, wtxx, i72, ocv, wk35, p4v, m4x, 4qm, k0ty, nvgk, 9mi, k0kv, kmh, gfb7, 83q9, p3u, l61, e08z, cqe, qew, ppf, f5z, pv7, a24g, 9k00, uwhf, 4qb, 9ycw, n4v7, bdq, 1zev, sm8, brh, pb36, z718, cxol, sd4, 6pj, mjx, g9iv, g0b, s24d, cl9, q7t, 9hw, vwn, xy2, syt, vj9, lex4, 8xyr, b11, icqo, 2b7l, dd3, w2ql, z113, aivg